V3 Stain-free Workflow voor een praktische, handige en betrouwbare Total Protein Laden Controle in Western Blotting

Biology
 

Cite this Article

Copy Citation | Download Citations

Posch, A., Kohn, J., Oh, K., Hammond, M., Liu, N. V3 Stain-free Workflow for a Practical, Convenient, and Reliable Total Protein Loading Control in Western Blotting. J. Vis. Exp. (82), e50948, doi:10.3791/50948 (2013).

Please note that all translations are automatically generated.

Click here for the english version. For other languages click here.

Abstract

Materials

Name Company Catalog Number Comments
REAGENTS
4-20% Criterion TGX Stain-Free Precast Gel Bio-Rad 567-8093 Choose a gel size and percentage that meet the specific need in a experiment
Trans-Blot Turbo Midi PVDF Transfer Packs Bio-Rad 170-4157 Choose either PVDF or nitrocellulose and match the membrane size to the gel size
Clarity Western ECL Substrate, 500 ml Bio-Rad 170-5061
EQUIPMENT
Criterion Cell Bio-Rad 165-6100
Trans-Blot Turbo Transfer Starter System Bio-Rad 170-4155
ChemiDoc MP System Bio-Rad 170-8280

DOWNLOAD MATERIALS LIST

References

  1. Aldridge, G. M., Podrebarac, D. M., Greenough, W. T., Weiler, I. J. The use of total protein stains as loading controls: an alternative to high-abundance single-protein controls in semi-quantitative immunoblotting. J. Neurosci. Methods. 172, (2), 250-254 (2008).
  2. Bauer, D. E., Haroutunian, V., McCullumsmith, R. E., Meador-Woodruff, J. H. Expression of four housekeeping proteins in elderly patients with schizophrenia. J. Neural. Transm. 116, (4), 487-491 (2009).
  3. Castaño, Z., Kypta, R. M. Housekeeping Proteins: Limitations as References During Neuronal Differentiation. Open Neurosci. J. 2, 36-40 (2008).
  4. Colella, A. D., Chegenii, N., Tea, M. N., Gibbins, I. L., Williams, K. A., Chataway, T. K. Comparison of Stain-Free gels with traditional immunoblot loading control methodology. Anal. Biochem. 430, (2), 108-110 (2012).
  5. Cully, T. R., Edwards, J. N., Friedrich, O., Stephenson, D. G., Murphy, R. M., Launikonis, B. S. Changes in plasma membrane Ca-ATPase and stromal interacting molecule 1 expression levels for Ca2+ signaling in dystrophic mdx mouse muscle. Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 303, (5), (2012).
  6. Dittmer, A., Dittmer, J. Beta-actin is not a reliable loading control in Western blot analysis. Electrophoresis. 27, (14), 2844-2845 (2006).
  7. Dutka, T. L., Lamboley, C. R., McKenna, M. J., Murphy, R. M., Lamb, G. D. Effects of carnosine on contractile apparatus Ca2+ sensitivity and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release in human skeletal muscle fibers. J. Appl. Physiol. 112, (5), 728-736 (2012).
  8. Elliott, S., Busse, L., Swift, S., McCaffery, I., Rossi, J., Kassner, P., Begley, C. G. Lack of expression and function of erythropoietin receptors in the kidney. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 27, (7), 2733-2745 (2012).
  9. Eslami, A., Lujan, J., Western, Blotting: Sample Preparation to Detection. J. Vis. Exp. (44), (2010).
  10. Ferguson, R. E., Carroll, H. P., Harris, A., Maher, E. R., Selby, P. J., Banks, R. E. Housekeeping proteins: a preliminary study illustrating some limitations as useful references in protein expression studies. Proteomics. 5, (2), 566-571 (2005).
  11. Greer, S., Honeywell, R., Geletu, M., Arulanandam, R., Raptis, L. Housekeeping genes; expression levels may change with density of cultured cells. J. Immunol. Methods. 355, (1-2), 76-79 (2010).
  12. Gürtler, A., Kunz, A., Gomolka, M., Hornhardt, S., Friedl, A. A., McDonald, K., Kohn, J. E., Posch, A. Stain-Free Technology as Normalization Tool in Western Blot Analysis. Anal. Biochem. 433, (2), 105-111 (2013).
  13. Hagiwara, M., Kobayashi, K., Tadokoro, T., Yamamoto, Y. Application of SYPRO Ruby- and Flamingo-stained polyacrylamide gels to Western blot analysis. Anal. Biochem. 397, (2), 262-264 (2010).
  14. Heidebrecht, F., Heidebrecht, A., Schulz, I., Behrens, S. E., Bader, A. Improved semiquantitative Western blot technique with increased quantification range. J. Immunol. Methods. 345, (1-2), 40-48 (2009).
  15. Jensen, R. B., Ozes, A., Kim, T., Estep, A. Kowalczykowski SC BRCA2 is epistatic to the RAD51 paralogs in response to DNA damage. DNA Repair. (2013).
  16. Lanoix, D., St-Pierre, J., Lacasse, A. A., Viau, M., Lafond, J., Vaillancourt, C. Stability of reference proteins in human placenta: general protein stains are the benchmark. Placenta. 33, (3), 151-156 (2012).
  17. Larkins, N. T., Murphy, R. M., Lamb, G. D. Influences of temperature, oxidative stress, and phosphorylation on binding of heat shock proteins in skeletal muscle fibers. Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 3, (6), (2012).
  18. Laurie, K. J., Dave, A., Straga, T., Souzeau, E., Chataway, T., Sykes, M. J., Casey, T., Teo, T., Pater, J., Craig, J. E., Sharma, S., Burdon, K. P. Identification of a Novel Oligomerization Disrupting Mutation in CRYΑA Associated with Congenital Cataract in a South Australian. (2012).
  19. Li, X., Bai, H., Wang, X., Li, L., Cao, Y., Wei, J., Liu, Y., Liu, L., Gong, X., Wu, L., Liu, S., Liu, G. Identification and validation of rice reference proteins for western blotting. J. Exp. Bot. 62, (14), 4763-4772 (2011).
  20. Liu, N. K., Xu, X. M. Beta-tubulin is a more suitable internal control than beta-actin in western blot analysis of spinal cord tissues after traumatic injury. J. Neurotrauma. 23, (12), 1794-1801 (2006).
  21. Lowe, D. A., Degens, H., Chen, K. D., Alway, S. E. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase varies with age in glycolytic muscles of rats. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 55, (3), 160-164 (2000).
  22. Mollica, J. P., Dutka, T. L., Merry, T. L., Lamboley, C. R., McConell, G. K., McKenna, M. J., Murphy, R. M., Lamb, G. D. S-glutathionylation of troponin I (fast) increases contractile apparatus Ca2+ sensitivity in fast-twitch muscle fibres of rats and humans. J. Physiol. 590, 1443-1463 (2012).
  23. Murphy, R. M., Dutka, T. L., Horvath, D., Bell, J. R., Delbridge, L. M., Lamb, G. D. Ca2+-dependent Proteolysis of Junctophilin 1 and Junctophilin 2 in Skeletal and Cardiac. 591, 719-729 (2012).
  24. Neill, U. S. All Data are not created Equal. J. Clin. Invest. 119, 224 (2009).
  25. Pérez-Pérez, R., López, J. A., García-Santos, E., Camafeita, E., Gómez-Serrano, M., Ortega-Delgado, F. J., Ricart, W., Fernández-Real, J. M., Peral, B. Uncovering suitable reference proteins for expression studies in human adipose tissue with relevance to obesity. PLoS One. 7, (1), (2012).
  26. Rocha-Martins, M., Njaine, B., Silveira, M. S. Avoiding Pitfalls of Internal Controls: Validation of Reference Genes for Analysis by qRT-PCR and Western Blot throughout Rat Retinal Development. PLoS One. 7, (8), (2012).
  27. Romero-Calvo, I., Ocón, B., Martínez-Moya, P., Suárez, M. D., Zarzuelo, A., Martínez-Augustin, O., de Medina, F. S. Reversible Ponceau staining as a loading control alternative to actin in Western blots. Anal. Biochem. 401, (2), 318-320 (2010).
  28. Said, H. M., Polat, B., Hagemann, C., Anacker, J., Flentje, M., Vordermark, D. Absence of GAPDH regulation in tumor-cells of different origin under hypoxic conditions in-vitro. BMC Res. Notes. 13, (2), 8 (2009).
  29. Suzuki, O., Koura, M., Noguchi, Y., Uchio-Yamada, K., Matsuda, J. Use of sample mixtures for standard curve creation in quantitative western blots. Exp. Anim. 60, (2), 193-196 (2011).
  30. Welinder, C., Ekblad, L. Coomassie staining as loading control in Western blot analysis. J. Proteome Res. 10, (3), 1416-1419 (2011).
  31. You, J., Hodge, C., Wen, L., McAvoy, J. W., Madigan, M. C., Sutton, G. Using soybean trypsin inhibitor as an external loading control for Western blot analysis of tear proteins: application to corneal disease. Exp. Eye Res. 99, 55-62 (2012).

Comments

0 Comments


    Post a Question / Comment / Request

    You must be signed in to post a comment. Please or create an account.

    Usage Statistics